Case Study | Title: Human Rights Violation​ | Data Breach

Case Study | Title: Human Rights Violation​ | Data Breach Scandal ​| Facebook & Cambridge Analytica​

Human Rights Violation



By Agamya Sharma (PGDRM Batch July’19-20), Saitheja Kuncha (PGDRM Batch Jan’20-21), Pragyan Mohanty (PGDRM Batch July’19-20) and Shahran Sayyed (PGDRM Batch Jan’20-21)


Introduction – Human Rights
  • Human rights are moral principles or norms that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.​
  • The United Nations (UN) is the only multilateral governmental agency with universally accepted international jurisdiction for universal human rights legislation.​
  • The UN Human Rights Council, created in 2005, has a mandate to investigate alleged human rights violations.​



Human Rights vs Labor Rights
  • Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that belong to every person in the world. They apply regardless of where you are from, what you believe or how you choose to live your life unless the person breaks the law.​
  • Labor rights or workers’ rights are both legal rights relating to labor relations between workers and employers. These rights are codified in national and international labor and employment law.

Regional Human Rights


Types of Human Rights
  • Individual (civil) rights
  • Right to Equality
  • Rights of political expression
  • Economic and social rights
  • Right to privacy

And many more…

Human Rights Violations
  • Human rights violations occur when any state or non-state actor breaches any of the terms of the UDHR or other international human rights or humanitarian law. In regard to human rights violations of United Nations laws. Article 39 of the United Nations Charter designates the UN Security Council (or an appointed authority) as the only tribunal that may determine UN human rights violations.​
  • Eg: Holocaust , Gun violence in US​
  • few examples of violations of economic, social and cultural rights include:​
    • Forcibly evicting people from their homes (the right to adequate housing)​
    • Contaminating water, for example, with waste from State-owned facilities (the right to health)​
    • Failure to ensure a minimum wage sufficient for a decent living (rights at work)​
    • Failure to prevent employers from discriminating in recruitment (based on sex, disability, race, political opinion, social origin, etc.) (The right to work)​

Privacy laws in different countries
  • India – On August 24, 2017, Supreme Court ruled out that the Right to Privacy is a fundamental right for Indian citizens under the Constitution of India. Thus, no legislation passed by the government can unduly violate it. 
  • Australia – Australia’s national privacy law is the Privacy Act 1988 (Privacy Act), which applies to the handling of information by both Australian (Commonwealth) Government agencies and the private sector.​
  • General Data Protection Regulation in EU – The General Data Protection Regulation (EU) (GDPR) is a regulation in EU law on data protection and privacy in the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). ​
  • Privacy laws of the United States – The privacy laws of the United States deal with several different legal concepts. ​
  • Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA)



Overview – Facebook Data Breach Scandal

  • The scandal finally erupted in March 2018 with the emergence of a whistle-blower, an ex-Cambridge Analytica employee Christopher Wylie.​
  • Channel 4 News in the UK, The New York Times, The Guardian and The Observer published the scandal simultaneously on March 17, 2018, and caused a huge public outcry. More than $100 billion was knocked off Facebook market capitalization in days and politicians in the US and UK demanded answers from Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg. The scandal eventually led to him agreeing to testify in front of the United States Congress.



Read the full case study here: 

FB & CA Scandal Case Study


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